How Were Polytheism And Ziggurats Related In Sumerian Civilization

The Sumerians practiced Polytheism, or the worship of several Gods and Goddesses. The ziggurat was a temple in Sumerian cities devoted to the city’s principal God or Goddess.

The Ziggurat of Ur looms in the background of Sumerian ruins. The Ziggurat, an ancient temple that is more than 4,000 years old, was built by the Sumerians in honor of their moon god, Sin. About 95 percent of the city is still buried under the sand.

What civilizations believed polytheism?

Polytheism was practiced by civilizations such as the Sumerians and the Ancient Egyptians. Each city-state in Sumerian culture had its own god. The Sumerian religion is based on the worship of natural elements. Later, Sumerian gods retained human features and characteristics. The Sumerians saw their responsibility as serving the gods. Religious ceremonies were held at the ziggurat, a temple in the city’s center. Later, Greek mythology borrowed some of their notions, such as crowning Anu, the major Sumerian god, as King of the gods.

Religion was very significant in Ancient Egypt. A pharaoh was the divine ruler who was both man and deity.

They believed in many gods, and gods would occasionally assume the guise of animals. Ra was the sun deity and the gods’ monarch. Egyptians believed in afterlife. They felt that the body was required in the hereafter, thus they would preserve the body to accompany the spirit to the afterlife. Mummification was employed to preserve bodies for the passage into the afterlife.


Who was allowed in the ziggurat of Ur?

  • The Ur Ziggurat was dedicated to the moon God Nanna, the city state’s heavenly patron. 
  •  A building-like structure made of raised platforms that lead up to a sacred spot on top. Built high to exhibit the ruler’s wealth and also to pay praise to their gods and be closer to the gods. 
  • It is believed that it was the location where Ur’s people would bring agricultural excess and go to get their regular food allotments.
  • In antiquity, visiting Ur’s ziggurat meant seeking both spiritual and bodily nourishment

What is the origin of polytheism?

Terminology. The name is derived from the Greek words o poly (“many”) and theos (“god”), and it was coined by the Jewish writer Philo of Alexandria to counter the Greeks.

Polytheistic faiths were practiced by the ancient Sumerians and Egyptians at least 5,000 years ago. Polytheism is thus at least that old. The belief in more than one god is known as polytheism. The belief in a single deity or divine being distinguishes monotheism from polytheism. Polytheism and monotheism were practiced by groups in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Polytheism was practiced by civilizations such as the Sumerians and the Ancient Egyptians.

What religion did the the ziggurats follow?

A Residence for the Ancient Gods. Ancient Sumerians, Akkadians, Elamites, Eblaites, and Babylonians built ziggurats for local religions, primarily Mesopotamian and Elamite cults. Each ziggurat was part of a temple complex that also contained other structures.